How can I create a calc mixin to pass as an expression to generate tags?

Problem

I am working on a sass stylesheet in which I wish to use the calc element to dynamically size some content. As the calc element has not been standardized, I need to target calc(), -moz-calc(), and -webkit-calc().

Is there a way for me to create a mixin or function that I can pass an expression to so that it will generate the required tags that can then be set as a width or height?

Problem courtesy of: secretformula

Solution

It would be a basic mixin with an argument, thankfully the expressions are not browser-specific within the supported scope:

@mixin calc($property, $expression) {
  #{$property}: -webkit-calc(#{$expression});
  #{$property}: calc(#{$expression});
}

.test {
  @include calc(width, "25% - 1em");
}

Will render as

.test {
  width: -webkit-calc(25% - 1em);
  width: calc(25% - 1em);
}

You may want to include a "default" value for when calc is not supported.

Solution courtesy of: o.v.

Discussion

Another way to write it:

@mixin calc($prop, $val) {
  @each $pre in -webkit-, -moz-, -o- {
    #{$prop}: $pre + calc(#{$val});
  } #{$prop}: calc(#{$val});
}

I think this is more elegant way.

Discussion courtesy of: Ben Kalsky

Compass offers a shared utility to add vendor prefixes for just such an occasion.

@import "compass/css3/shared";

$experimental-support-for-opera: true; // Optional, since it's off by default

.test {
  @include experimental-value(width, calc(25% - 1em));
}
Discussion courtesy of: steveluscher

Using calc can be accomplised pretty easily using the unquote feature:

$variable: 100%
height: $variable //for browsers that don't support the calc function  
height:unquote("-moz-calc(")$variable unquote("+ 44px)")
height:unquote("-o-calc(")$variable unquote("+ 44px)")
height:unquote("-webkit-calc(")$variable unquote("+ 44px)")   
height:unquote("calc(")$variable unquote("+ 44px)")

will render as:

height: 100%;
height: -moz-calc( 100% + 44px);
height: -o-calc( 100% + 44px);
height: -webkit-calc( 100% + 44px);
height: calc( 100% + 44px);

You can also try creating the mixin as suggested above, but I do mine slightly different:

$var1: 1
$var2: $var1 * 100%
@mixin calc($property, $variable, $operation, $value, $fallback)
 #{$property}: $fallback //for browsers that don't support calc function
 #{$property}: -mox-calc(#{$variable} #{$operation} #{$value})
 #{$property}: -o-calc(#{$variable} #{$operation} #{$value})
 #{$property}: -webkit-calc(#{$variable} #{$operation} #{$value})
 #{$property}: calc(#{$variable} #{$operation} #{$value})

.item     
 @include calc(height, $var1 / $var2, "+", 44px, $var1 / $var2 - 2%)

will render as:

.item {
height: 98%;
height: -mox-calc(100% + 44px);
height: -o-calc(100% + 44px);
height: -webkit-calc(100% + 44px);
height: calc(100% + 44px);
}
Discussion courtesy of: aaronmallen

This recipe can be found in it's original form on Stack Over Flow.